In 1996, Siena Provincial Administration established 11 Nature
Reserves covering about 8 thousand hectares of territory with a high
environmental, naturalistic, historical, and cultural value, whose
different protected environments house rare animal and vegetable species
of great scientific and conservation interest.
The Reserves were formally established by Siena Provincial Council (resolutions no. 38 of 21.03.1996 and no. 127 of 17.07.1996), according to art. 15 of L.R. 49/95 "Norme sui parchi, le riserve naturali e le aree naturali protette di interesse locale" (Rules regarding the parks, nature reserves, and protected areas of local interest).
The 11 Nature Reserves form a System of Protected Areas whose aim is to ensure and promote, in a coordinated manner, the conservation and enhancement of the environment, the landscape, the historical-cultural and naturalistic heritage.
4 Reserves, Basso Merse, Farma, La Pietra and Cornate e Fosini, extend also in the territory of the Province of Grosseto.
The management aims at the conservation of the ecosystems, the promotion of compatible production activities and spare time activities, the development of scientific and research activities, and the promotion of the coordinated information and environmental education activities.
Size and shape of the Reserves depend on the features and distribution of the resources to safeguard; the areas vary from a minimum of 240 ha (S. Agnese Wood Nature Reserve) to a maximum of 2000 ha (Upper Merse Nature Reserve).
Management (Italian text)
|Silver Fir||Cypress-tree||Beech tree||Alder Buckthorn||Martagon Lily|
|Orange Lily||White Lupin||Golden Chain Tree||Fritillaria tenella||Sessile Oak|
|Whitebeam||Staehelina||Oak tree||Yew||Pseudolysimachion barrelieri|
Vegetation in Senesi Nature Reserves (Italian text)
|Purple Heron||Montagu's Harrier||Goshawk||Red-backed Shrike||Barn Owl|
|Short-toed Eagle||Brenthis hecate||Carabus clathratus||Leuciscus lucumonis||Stag Beetle|
|Four-lined Snake||Cicindela hybrida||Coenagrion mercuriale||Marsh Harrier||Freshwater Crayfish|
|Wild Cat||Padogobius nigricans||Dormouse||Heteropterus morpheus||Porcupine|
|Pine Marten||Hazel Mouse||Shrew||Stone-curlew||Onychogomphus uncatus|
|Oxychilus uziellii||Oxygastra curtisii||Polecat||Garden Dormouse||Greater Horseshoe Bat|
|European Green Toad||Spectacled Salamander||European Rhinoceros Beetle||Sparrowhawk||Sympetrum depressiusculum|
Fauna in Senesi Nature Reserves (Italian text)
|Jaspers||Cinnabar Deposits||The Plio-Pleistocene Mammals of Valdichiana||The Ophiolite Minerals||The Limestone of S. Antonio and the Galena Mine|
|Red Ammonite||Verrucano Rocky Formations||The Biocalcarenite of Poggio di Pietraporciana||The Anhydrite Formation of Burano and the Cavernous Limestone||The Formation of Mt. Morello|
|Serpentinite||The Pliocene Clays, "Biancane", and the Gullies||Lesser Erosion Forms of Lucciola Bella||Ophiolite|
Geology in Senesi Nature Reserves (Italian text)