Via Appia Antica was the first and most important road built from Rome. Also called Regina Viarum
, it was born at the end of the 4th century BC in order to rapidly connect Rome and Capua.
The road was born in the year 312: the year in which Appius Claudius, after whom the road was named, was censor of Rome. Its plan was surprisingly "modern": it set aside the smaller town centers (provided with special junctions) and headed straight to the destination. The road was built thanks to important engineering works which overcame big natural obstacles, like Pontine swamps.
Notes: The brochure is available in the Park Offices of Via Appia Antica, 42 and in the Info Points.