Appia Antica Park is a regional protected area gazzeted by regional law n°66 of November 10th 1988 "Institution of the Appia Antica regional suburban park".
When the regional law n°29 was passed in 1997 the area of the Park was enlarged as Tor Marancia was annexed.
The Park's aims are conservation and enhancement of its territory to allow people to enjoy the extraordinary scenic beauty, to learn about and study this fundamental historic, artistic and natural heritage.
The landscape is the aspect the natural or man-made elements of a certain territory take. Appia Antica area was directly affected by the Lazio volcano's activity which began about 600 thousand years ago.
The area was shaped by Capo Bove lava flow which created the flat platform on which the road was built. On top of the volcanic activity came weathering which modified the characteristic undulating aspect.
However other parts of the same area are more regular with broad flatter areas.
The principal characteristic of Appia Antica Regional Park is that it is a 'green wedge' between the south-east suburbs of Rome and the Colli Albani. It creates an important wildlife corridor for this area (a functional biological link).
There are many areas of interest to natural historians within the Park. The ancient Bosco Farnese wood, for example near the via Ardeatina, is made up of downy oak and cork oak; amongst the monuments of the Circo di Massenzio we find a typical 'ruins' flora of great interest; olives, almonds; dense mediterranean scrub with blackberries buckthorn, mastic tree; typical understorey shrubs like hawthorn, spindlewood, dogwood, wild plum. In the damp grass of the Villa dei Quintili there is a host of wild orchids. Near the lake we find the pond water-crowfoot. At Tor Marancia, a recent inclusion to the Park with a good level of natural habitats we can see along the Fosso di Tor Carbone pendulous sedge and black poplar.