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Parco di Migliarino, San Rossore, Massaciuccoli

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Itineraries

Itineraries in the Park

The itineraries mainly develop on flat areas, which makes them easily accessible on foot and with no need to be particularly trained. It is also possible to visit the territory on horseback, by coach, by bike, by train or by boat.

Th Park features:
- free access areas;
- areas accessible with special authorizations;
- private areas.

The Borbone Estate and Lucchese Maquis, the Massaciuccoli Lake and Marsh, the Vecchiano reclamation area, part of the Migliarino Estate and the Coltano Estate belong to the free access area.

The other territories are available or not available (such as the western part of the San Rossore Estate and the military areas of the Tombolo Estate), available on established days (such as the San Rossore Estate) or accessible only for visitors accompanied by the Park's Guides (Migliarino Estate).

Anyways, the best and safest way to visit the Migliarino San Rossore Massaciuccoli Park is to avail oneself of the guided visits put at visitors' disposal by the Regional Park Authority.

Map of the Park
Map of the Park

Massaciuccoli Lake and Padule

The Massaciuccoli Lake and the surrounding swamplands, extending over more than 2,000 square kilometers, compose the widest wetland in Tuscany which originated in the area behind the dunes. Today the lake does not look as the ancient salty lagoon it was in the past, and it is considered a typical lake-pond due to its average depth of 2 m (the highest depth is 4.40 m) and the salinity lower than 500 mg/l. The lake bottom is situated below the sea level. It has a roughly circular shape with a perimeter of more than 10 km. The basin's surface has severely decreased in the last centuries due to the continuous reclamation works especially carried out in the 20th century.

Further information
Massaciuccoli LIPU Nature Sanctuary
Massaciuccoli LIPU Nature Sanctuary
Chiarone Reserve
Chiarone Reserve
Departure: Museo sull'Ecologia della Palude
Typology: On foot, Accessible Trail
Duration: 1 h
Interest: Flora, Bird Watching, Photography
Lake and marsh by boat
Typology: Boat
Duration: short (1 hour) or long (2 hours)
Interest: Flora, Bird Watching, Archeology, History, Photography
Lake and marsh by boat
Typology: Boat
Duration: 1 h
Interest: Flora, Bird Watching, Archeology, History, Photography
Massaciuccoli Lake
Typology: On foot, Accessible Trail
Duration: 4 h
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Panorama, Photography
The lake between Music and Nature
Typology: On foot, Accessible Trail
Duration: 6 h
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Panorama, History, Photography
The lake of the Marchese
Typology: On foot, Accessible Trail
Duration: 6 h
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Panorama, Photography

Macchia Lucchese and Borbone Estate

The "Macchia Lucchese" is located in the northernmost coastal area of the Migliarino San Rossore Massaciuccoli Park, and it extends on the landform separating the Massaciuccoli Lake from the sea, in the territory of the municipality of Viareggio (LU), between the built-up area of Viareggio and that of Torre del Lago. In the "Macchia Lucchese" we can identify a sequence of three types of environments: the coastal forest, the coastal swamplands behind the dunes and the beach.

Further information
Villa Borbone
Villa Borbone
Lecciona
Typology: On foot, Accessible Trail
Duration: 2 h 30 m
Interest: Flora, Bird Watching, History, Photography

San Rossore Estate

San Rossore estate (with a surface of 4,800 hectares) is the most significant natural environment within the Park. Its boundaries are situated north of the river Serchio and east of Pisa, south of the river Arno and west of the Ligurian Sea.
The spontaneous vegetation changes depending on the areas: in the tombolos the vegetation is sub-mediterranean with the holm oak forest and pinewood, in the meanders it shows itself as a mesohygrophilic forest made up of deciduous plants typical of the original forests. Along the coast, between the two river mouths, the estate is limited towards the sea by high dunes. Among the animals which can be easily observed there are the fallow deers, the wild boar and several bird species, especially during overwintering and spring migrations.

Further information
Fallow deer
Fallow deer
A long trekking in the nature
Typology: On foot
Duration: 4 to 5 hours (including 1-hour pause for the lunch)...
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Photography
Cascine nuove, Fosso delle Cateratte, and Coton Grosso
Typology: On foot
Duration: 2 h
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Photography
Fiume Morto Vecchio
Typology: On foot, Accessible Trail
Duration: 2 h
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Photography
Lame di fuori – Lama degli Ontani
Typology: On foot
Duration: from 4 to 5 hours
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Photography
Maddalena Woodland, Paduletto
Typology: On foot
Duration: 2 h
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Photography
Sabrina Bulleri
Typology: On foot
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Photography
San Bartolomeo
Typology: On foot
Duration: 2 h
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Photography
Sunset on the sea
Typology: On foot
Duration: 2 h
Interest: Panorama, Photography
The Fratino path
Typology: On foot, Accessible Trail
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Photography
Walking and admiring
Typology: On foot
Duration: from 1 and a half to 2 and a half hours
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Photography

Migliarino Estate

At present there are no facilities functioning as visitor centers, thus, we suggest visitors to contact the Villa Borbone Visitor Center and the San Rossore Estate Visitor Center for further information about the proposed activities.

Further information
Dunes of Marina di Vecchiano and Montioni
Typology: On foot
Duration: 3 h
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Photography
Ugnone and Fiumaccio
Typology: On foot
Duration: 3 h
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Photography

Tombolo Estate

The Tombolo Estate, with its 5,000 hectares, covers the southern coastal belt of the Park between the river Arno and the Calambrone area. The name of the estate comes from the latin "tumulus", meaning "relief of the ground", and shows how the territory originated from the coastal dunes shaped by the steady accumulation of river sediments. 

Further information
Cornacchiaia Woodland – WWF Nature Sanctuary
Typology: On foot
Duration: 2 h 30 m
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, Photography
The Trail of the Three Pines
The Trail of the Three Pines
Departure: Via Livornese
Typology: On foot, By bike, Accessible Trail
Duration: 40 m
Interest: Flora, Wildlife, Bird Watching, History, Photography
Tirrenia Dunes – WWF Nature Sanctuary
Typology: On foot
Duration: 30 m
Interest: Flora, Geology, Photography

Coltano Estate

Coltano estate lies on a wide flat area (more than 3,000 hectares) that originally was a large swamp extending almost up to the built-up area of Pisa. Here can be found significant finds of prehistoric and roman origin.

Further information
Laurel Woodland Nature Reserve
Typology: On foot
Duration: 45 m
Interest: Flora, Wildlife
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