Parco Naturale del Monte San Giorgio
Points of Interest
Historical - Architectural Heritage
In the Park territory there are several evidences of the human
settlements characterizing the area since ancient times, at different
altitudes. In particular, in the western section under the mountain
summit, there are some finds consisting of:
- a block of rock on which there are 148 engraved cupels of various size and depth, partly linked by small canals;
- tombstone fragments, coins, and other archaeological finds found in San Giorgio Chapel and dating back to the Roman period;
(tiles, etc.) of the Roman and late Roman period found near San Vito
Parish Church. The greenish squared blocks of chloritic gneiss
scattered throughout the area of Rocca del Gran Merlone at the Nine
Merlons Castle could also be of Roman origin.
Near the Park there are also important
evidences of sacred architecture, like the Romanesque-style Chapel on
the summit of Mt. San Giorgio and San Valeriano Chapel on the
homonymous hill, as well as the three fortified structures not far from
San Vito Parish Church, among which the Nine Merlons Castle, housing a
restaurant. On the whole, in the past the fortified nuclei were five:
this example of "vallum", in a high and very steep position, is still
evident today and gives the slope and landscape of the Mountain a
Piossasco, a town at 20 km from Turin, is characterized by an important
medieval history, as witnessed by its three castles, the ruins of the
walls, and the village of San Vito with the homonymous church. Out of
the three medieval castles, built between the 11th and 16th century,
only the most recent one is perfectly preserved: it is called the Nine
Merlons Castle (housing a restaurant), name which probably derives from
a noble alliance born to defend the territory. Castellaccio or Gran
Merlone, the most ancient castle situated in the highest position, and
the other castle were bombed during the French advance in 1693. On the
whole, the fortified area is still evident today and gives the slope
and landscape of the Mountain a characteristic aspect. Besides the
fortified structures, Piossasco boasts a great heritage of sacred
- Church on Mt. San Giorgio (in the Park)
the top of the mountain: you can reach it with a pleasant walk on foot
lasting about 2 hours. Inside, you can admire tombstone fragments,
coins, and other archaeological finds dating back to the Roman period;
- S. Valeriano Chapel (in the Park)
It can be easily seen also from the distance.
- Confraternita Church
Here you can admire wonderful 15th century frescoes.
- S.Vito Parish Church
particular value the 1461 baptistry, the organ built by Bussetti
brothers in 1842, and some paintings, probably by Beaumont. Nearby you
can find bricks (tiles, etc.) dating back to the Roman and late Roman
- Santi Vito, Modesto e Crescenza Parish Church
is the most ancient local church and, of the primitive Roman plan of
the 11th century, it preserves the apse and the lower part of the
- S. Francesco Church
Second parish church of Piossasco, it was built by the Franciscans around the end of the 17th century.
- Madonna dell'Olmo Church
it you can admire a fresco representing the Sacred Family: Madonna with
the Infant Jesus, and Saint Joseph with a cane in bloom in his hand.
- Carmine Church
between the 17th-18th century, it is particularly important for the
citizens of Piossasco for their devotion to the Virgin Mary of Mt.
Carmelo, who became in the 18th century the patron saint of the town.
In the Park, near the summit of Mt. San Giorgio, there is a block of
rock on which there are 148 engraved cupels of various size and depth,
partly linked by small canals. The art in Piossasco is not only evident
inside the Churches, but also on the hill of S. Valeriano where the
artist Giuseppe Riccardo Lanza from Piossasco created a work of art
which was completed and placed at the top of the mountain in 1972.
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