The Park territory covers about 820 ha in the Municipality of Cumiana
and develops between the 500 and 1,450m of altitude. It is
characterized by strong natural features, although human presence is
evident, but not intrusive. The vegetational features are significant,
since, besides the arboreal species characterizing the transition
environment between the hills and the mountains, there are also some
Mediterranean specimens. Among the flowers, there are the Orange Lily,
the Martagon Lily, and the endemic Campanula elatines. The
wildlife, including mountain and plain species, is very rich and
includes roe deer, black grouse, squirrel, badger, and salamander.
A thick network of trails offers several opportunities to carry out walks and hikes and to practice sports, also by mountain bike, while the walls of Rocca Sbarua are a famous practice wall for climbing.
When you get to Cumiana basin, you will be welcomed by a setting which is always different, with shades of colors, perfumes, and lights which tend to continuously evolve.
During the spring, the undergrowth is at its best with the
colors of the primroses, lungworts, periwinkles, and with the white and
pink carpets of anemones and dogtooth violets. With the melting of
snow, on the slopes of Mt. Freidour the white and violet crocuses
emerge together with gentians, gentianellas, and several species of
orchids. In May you will get surrounded by the heady perfume of the
Black Locust trees (Robinia pseudoacacia), followed by the
chestnut trees while in the undergrowth you will find the delicate
lilies of the valley. In June, the intense perfume of the lime tree
dominates and the tiny white-yellow flowers of Melampyrum pratense appear.
During the summer, both fruits cultivated by man (peaches, apples, grapes) and berries (bilberries, blackberries, and raspberries) ripen.
autumn, the visitors can admire the myriad of colors of the slopes,
often in contrast with the blue sky. In this season, the woodland is
busy with persons looking for mushrooms (above all the delicious
Boletes and Caesar's Mushrooms) and chestnuts.
Also in winter the area is charming, with the rocks at the edges of the brooks covered with the first ice and the snow enhancing the color contrast with the small red berries scattered in the undergrowth.
the altitude, exposure, and kind of soil, the arboreal vegetation
consists of chestnut tree, beech, black locust, ash tree, hornbeam,
sessile oak, and common oak, but we can also find specimens of Scots
pine, lime tree, maple, mountain ash, golden chain tree, birch, cherry
tree, and poplar. Near Casa del Parco, situated in location
Pradera dei Picchi, a large area has been subject to reforestation in
the 1920s-30s with Austrian black pines, maritime pines, and larches.
Near San Valeriano there is a very rare specimen of Quercus crenata,
while in a particularly hot and exposed area (location Roc, above
Villanova), there are ilex trees and shrubs, another Mediterranean
Some protected species are present as herbaceous plants: although very rare and growing in not very accessible places, we can find the Orange Lily (Lilium bulbiferum), the Martagon Lily (Lilium martagon), Anthericum liliago and Daphne mezereum. An endemic species is Campanula elatines, growing among the sunny rocks of Rocca Due Denti.
In the woodlands, sudden meetings with big animals like roe deer and chamois always represent exciting and almost magic moments, especially if for a few seconds you can meet a surprised look. This area is characterized by a significant presence of wildlife, also thanks to the repopulation measures carried out in the past for hunting purposes.
In the territory of Cumiana you can observe:
The mountains forming with their slopes Chisola basin mainly consist of
rather homogeneous rocks, like gneiss formed by potassic felspar,
quartz, and plagioclase, with lower quantities of mica and epidote.
They belong to the structural unit of the Dora-Maira Massif, formed by
various kinds of metamorphic rocks, both intrusive and effusive. This
complex of rocks formed millions of years before the Alps uprising and
was interested by the orogenesis of the alpine chain, during which it
suffered more or less intense changes (metamorphism) leading to the
origin of its present features.
The most widespread lithological structures of Dora-Maira Massif are, besides gneiss, mica schists associating with quartz, marble, and amphibolites (or metabasites).