Following the road running along the Park border, you will reach Subiaco, dominated by an imposing 11th century fortress, the so-called Rocca Abbaziale, where Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia were born. The structure was enlarged and renovated in the following centuries. On the second floor, it preserves the landscape pictures by Liborio Coccetti that, besides their artistic value, have had a considerable importance as documents, since they show us the main 18th century towns belonging to Subiaco Abbey. The frescoes of the Colonna-Macchi apartments are very interesting, too. Among the most important sites of the town, there are St Francis Bridge and the homonymous Monastery dating back to the 14th century, the 18th century Triumphal Arch in neoclassical style, and St Andrew Basilica. Nero's Villa deserves a few words, although only a little remains of what should have been a spectacular complex skillfully and boldly set in a very charming natural setting. Nero wanted to dam the river Aniene in order to form three small artificial lakes on which the villa was built. Of course, you cannot leave Subiaco without visiting the Benedictine Monasteries. The Upper Aniene Valley was deeply shaped by oriental monasticism first and then by western monasticism, acquiring the name of Sacred Valley. It developed especially in the 5th century with St. Benedict of Nursia, who founded thirteen cenobies. Out of them, only Santa Scolastica cenoby has survived till present times. The library, one of the most ancient libraries in Europe, is of great importance and interest: it was probably created by the Saint himself and preserves some of the first printed books called incunabula. As a matter of fact, in 1465 the first Italian printing office was opened right here by two German printers from Johann Gutemberg's school.
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