At the beginning of the 20th century, Piedmont produced thousands of
apple varieties. The traditional apple tree growing has gave way to
the intensive apple tree growing carried out in the plain, and in the
1960s the local varieties had already been replaced by the more
productive and beautiful apples, which are much more suitable to the
However, in the marginal areas which are not exploited by industrial agriculture (Varaita, Maira, and Pellice valleys) many old varieties have survived.
Many of them will have a future, because they are beautiful, aromatic, and perfumed, and because they preserve their features for a long time. Among them: Grigia di Torriana, Buras, Dominici, Magnana, Carla, Runsè, Gamba Fina, and Calville (Red and White of winter).
Istituto Professionale per l'Agricoltura e l'Ambiente in Osasco (TO) manages experimental nurseries of varieties from Piedmont.