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Riserva Naturale Orientata Sambuchetti - Campanito

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Protected Area

Identity Card

  • Land Surface Area (ha): 2.358,33
  • Regions: Sicilia
  • Provinces: Enna
  • Municipalities: Cerami, Nicosia
  • Establishment Measures: DA 85/44 18/04/2000
  • PA Official List: EUAP1143

 

 
Landscape

Riserva Naturale Orientata Sambughetti - Campanito

Leaving from Enna, you will get to Leonforte by taking SS road 121; then, out of the town, turn left at the junction and follow the indications to Nicosia by taking SS road 117. Go ahead on the left towards Mistretta: after 29 km, turn left and follow a dirt road for about one hundred meters. Go ahead on foot, and you will find clear indications on the possible itineraries. 
The most significant feature of the reserve is represented without a doubt by the presence of a rich beech tree wood in the upper part of the so-called Bosco della Giumenta, on the summit of Mt. Sambuchetti, developing from 1,350-1,400 m above sea level. It is the relict of a beech tree wood originating during the glacial period, in which the range of distribution of the plant reaches its southernmost limit: that is, in the south of Sambuchetti there are no beech trees. Since this beech tree wood is no longer managed by man, it is characterized by very ancient specimens.

Further information (Italian text)

Flora

The beech tree is a marvellous tree characterizing in Sicily above all the forest of Nebrodi, even if it can be found also on Madonie and Etna.
It started growing in our region during the last glaciation and, since it is a demanding plant from an ecological point of view, when the warm climate came back, it survived in the northern area and at high altitudes.

Further information (Italian text)

Fauna

The Sicilian Marsh Tit is an endemic small bird characterizing the area of Nebrodi, from which this reserve lies not very far.
Unlike the Marsh Tit, the Sicilian Marsh Tit has a clearer plumage. Up to 11 cm long, it has a short and stumpy beak suitable to break small seeds and berries or to capture some insect or small worms.

Further information (Italian text)

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