|Protected Areas in Botswana
The Bechuanaland Protectorate, now Botswana, was a British Protectorate between 1885 and 1966, with the first game law being introduced in 1891.
The Fauna Conservation Act, 1961, amended in 1979, provides for the establishment of game reserves, sanctuaries, private game reserves and controlled hunting areas. The National Parks Act of 1968 and its subsequent amendments cover the establishment, control and management of national parks.
Environmental responsibility is divided between a number of ministries. The Department of Wildlife and National Parks (DWNP), within the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, is responsible for the management of national parks and game reserves, regulation of hunting, implementation of environmental education programmes, and research and monitoring of wildlife and habitats.
The UNDP Country Programme for Botswana (2003-2007) provides the direction for UNDP support in addressing the development challenges of Poverty, HIV/AIDS, and Environmental Protection.
The Parks marked with the logo are the Botswana areas within Transfrontier Parks or Transfrontier Conservation Areas. They are:
- Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park (Botswana and South Africa)
- Limpopo/Shashe Transfrontier Conservation Areas (Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe)
Sources: UNEP-WCMC, World Database on Protected Areas, United Nations Development Programme, Ministry of Tourism, Peace Parks Foundation