|Protected Areas in China
The State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) follows the principle of taking natural ecological conservation and environmental pollution prevention as the main tasks; strengthening supervision on nuclear safety and enhancing environmental enforcement; improving supervision and administration; sticking to people-oriented principles; safeguarding the environmental rights and interests of the public, and promoting the sustainable development of society, economy and environment.
Under SEPA, the Department of Nature and Ecology Conservation has the following responsibilities:
- organizing the formulation and supervising the implementation of laws and regulations on nature and ecology conservation;
- organizing the formulation of biodiversity conservation plans;
- organizing the formulation of planning of nature reserves plans in China;
- recommending on the approval of nature reserves of various kinds of the state level; and supervising the management of national level nature reserves;
- supervising the environmental protection in the development activities of natural resources;
- guiding and supervising rehabilitation of mining areas and finding a remedy for ecological damages, environmental protection of wetlands and fighting against desertification;
- responsible for management of bio-technologies safety;
- responsible for ecological environmental protection in rural areas;
- guiding the construction of national ecological demonstration zones and ecological agriculture construction.
According to the data provided by the World Database on Protected Areas, in China there are 1,954 Nature Reserves, one Nature Preserve, two Sanctuaries and one Wildfowl Sanctuary, 65 Scenic Areas and other protected areas. You will find a complete list of the Nature Reserves divided for Province in the State Environmental Protection Administration web site, in the Natural Conservation section.
Source: World Database on Protected Areas (WCPA); State Environmental Protection Administration