|Protected Areas in Ukraine
The biological and landscape diversity of Ukraine is considered as national heritage. Biodiversity conservation has become a priority issue of national conservation policy, since it is a necessary prerequisite for the sustainable, balanced socio-economical development of the country.
The Law On Nature Conservation Fund [protected territories and objects] of Ukraine (1992) provides a classification of nature conservation territories and objects. There are two major groups:
- natural territories and objects, and
- artificially created objects and complexes.
The first group includes the following categories: Nature Reserves, Biosphere Reserves, National Nature Parks, Regional Landscape Parks, Nature Monuments, Protected Localities. The second group includes Botanical Gardens, Dendrological Parks, Zoological Parks, Park-Monuments of Landscape Architecture and Horticultural Art.
The Nature Reserve Lands of Ukraine cover 3.9% of the country's territory.
Source: "National Report of Ukraine on Conservation of Biological Diversity" by the Ministry for Environmental Protection and Nuclear Safety of Ukraine (2000)