The area includes part of the ancient riparian plain forest that in the past used to run along torrent Stura. The several wetlands fed by springs preserve interesting ecosystems characterized by marshland species like Carex, Cyperus, Heleocaris, Typha and Potamogeton. Of great interest is the presence of Matteuccia struthiopteris, a not very common fern in Piedmont. Waters represent the ideal habitat for several species of fish, amphibians, and reptiles, as well as for the rare Freshwater Crayfish. The bed of the torrent and its banks are populated by over one hundred resident and migratory bird species like the Little Grebe, the Coot, the Great Crested Grebe, the Osprey, the Buzzard, the Sparrow Hawk, and the Grayleg Goose. The area is interested in more than one point by an outcropping fossil forest dating back to the Pliocene (about 3 million years ago).