Among charming landscapes, the hills mainly covered with woodlands alternate with meadows, fields, and vineyards. From a geological point of view, the area is part of the Tertiary basin of Liguria and Piedmont. There are several clayey and sandy outcrops rich in paleontological finds: shells, mollusks, and sea mammals remains. The territory also bears witness of its historical and cultural past: first inhabited by prehistoric men, then by Sarmati tribe after which the valley has been named, and in the Middle Ages a feud of the Scarampi, Incisa, and Crova families. Val Sarmassa has been a source of inspiration for a great journalist and writer of the post-war period, Davide Lajolo. Born in Vinchio, he set many of his novels and essays in these lands.