Parco Naturale Regionale Bosco Incoronata


Protected Area

Identity Card

  • Land Surface Area: 1'060.00 ha
  • Regions: Puglia
  • Provinces: Foggia
  • Municipalities: Foggia
  • Establishment Measures: L.R. 10 15/05/2006
  • PA Official List: EUAP1188



The Park

Bosco Incoronata Regional Park lies at about 12 kilometers from the town of Foggia, in the heart of Tavoliere delle Puglie. It is delimited in the north by the stream Cervaro, in the south by its ancient riverbed, in the east by the bridge of the road SS 16, and in the west by the borders of the Municipality of Foggia near Mass. Ponte Rotto. The protected area, covering about 1,000 hectares, preserves a small strip of natural vegetation within an intensely cultivated territory.
At the moment, the forest area lapped by the stream Cervaro covers about 320 ha, out of which 162 with high-trunk forest and 115 with grassland. It is therefore a diversified territory representing the environments covering in the past most part of Tavoliere.
The Regional Park not only includes Bosco dell'Incoronata, but also part of the proposed Site of Community Importance (pSCI) called "Valle del Cervaro - Bosco dell'Incoronata" lying within the perimeter of the Municipality of Foggia.

Photo by The Park


The Park Environments
The Downy Oak forest: this habitat is particularly interesting and rare; as a matter of fact, the presence of oaks - in many cases centuries-old oaks - represents a unique genetic heritage of the original forests developing throughout Tavoliere before the great reclamation activities. The big oaks represent the ideal habitat for many animal species which, among their branches, roots, and fissures, conceal themselves or find a shelter.

The Stream Cervaro
It springs from Dauni Mountains, has a course of about 80 km and an average annual flow of a few cubic meter/second. It flows near Manfredonia Gulf, supplying with its waters the marsh of Oasi Lago Salso.

Drawing an ideal transept going from the banks of the stream Cervaro to the heart of the Park, we will meet first a strip growing only during a short period of the year, characterized by the presence of annual plants with a very fast biological cycle (mainly Polygonaceae and Gramineae).

The wildlife populating the Regional Park is very diversified thanks to the richness of the habitats characterizing the protected area (watercourses, pastures, forests, agricultural ecosystems, etc.).

Photo by NaturePhoto by Nature

The Provincial Context

The Province of Foggia is usually divided in three different sub-regions: Tavoliere delle Puglie, Gargano Promontory, and Dauni Mountains. Tavoliere is a large plateau, 80 km long and about 40 km wide, covering over 3,000 square km, almost entirely cultivated with cereals with rare presence of vineyards, olive groves, and vegetables cultivations. Only a few and isolated areas have survived intensive agriculture: among them, Bosco dell'Incoronata and the thin strips of riparian forests along the watercourses, like those growing along the stream Cervaro.
Gargano is a hilly peninsula (with a few summits going beyond the 1,000m) which, thanks to its great environmental variety, is characterized by a great biodiversity. Dauni Mountains are different from the rest of the area both as far as geomorphology and climate are concerned: the latter is more similar to the climate of the Appennines rather than to the Mediterranean climate characterizing the other two sub-regions.

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