Parco di Migliarino, San Rossore, Massaciuccoli

Protected Area

Identity Card

  • Migliarino San Rossore Massaciuccoli Nature Park:
    • Land Surface Area: 23'115.00 ha
    • Regions: Toscana
    • Provinces: Lucca, Pisa
    • Municipalities: Massarosa, Pisa, San Giuliano Terme, Vecchiano, Viareggio
    • Establishment Measures: LR 61 13/12/1979 - LR 24 16/3/94
    • PA Official List: EUAP0231
  • Further managed Protected Areas:
    • Area Marina Protetta Secche della Meloria
    • ZSC Secche della Meloria
    • ZSC e ZPS Dune litoranee di Torre del Lago
    • ZSC e ZPS Lago e Padule di Massacciuccoli
    • ZSC e ZPS Macchia lucchese
    • ZSC e ZPS Selva Pisana
    • Riserva MAB Selve Costiere di Toscana



Migliarino, San Rossore, Massaciuccoli Regional Park Authority

 Migliarino, San Rossore, Massaciuccoli Park, after ups and downs and a long political, social, and cultural elaboration process (similar to the one of other national realities) was established with Legge Regionale Toscana n° 61 on 13th December 1979.
It was one of the first regional parks to be established and the second in Tuscany after Maremma Park  (established in 1975). The Regional Law L.R. n. 61/79 established that the Nature Park enclosed the territory and area under its jurisdiction, setting the aims and marking its borders (art. 1 and 2). Art. 3 determined and established the Park Authority: in this way the Consortium "Consorzio del Parco Naturale Migliarino, San Rossore, Massaciuccoli" was born, with the aim to temporarily manage and administer the Park.

(the following links lead to Italian texts)

Further information




The Environment

The Park territory stretches along the coastal strip of the provinces of Pisa and Lucca, involving the Municipalities of Pisa, Viareggio, San Giuliano Terme, Vecchiano and Massarosa. The area was in the past covered by lagoons and marshes which have been gradually filled up with the detritus carried by the river Serchio and, more consistently, by the river Arno.

  • Fauna
    Very different habitats with varied microclimate situations lead to the presence of a great variety of animals in Migliarino San Rossore Massaciuccoli Park: a real nature encyclopedia in the open air.

  • Sandy Shores and Dunes
    Sandy shores and dunes form the sandy shoreline stretching for about 23 km along the coast from Calambrone to Viareggio.

  • Wetlands
    Water plays without a doubt an essential role in the Park: as a matter of fact, the area covered with marshes, rivers, lakes and ponds is of about 3,000 hectares. Besides the Tyrrhenian Sea delimiting the border in the west and the large area of Massaciucoli Lake in the north, the territory is crossed by important rivers and watercourses: the river Arno, the river Serchio, Canale dei Navicelli, Fiume Morto, Burlamacca etc.; however, wetlands and marshes are the main features of the area and present themselves in various ways.

  • Rural areas
    The total surface of the Park covers an area of 23,100 hectares, 9,356 of which belong to rural areas.

  • Woodlands
    Over a third of the Park area is covered with woods. These areas have been subject to relevant changes during the centuries: as a matter of fact, the forests dominating the whole plain have gradually given way to clearings used for agricultural purposes or have been transformed into pinewoods around the 16th century.

Further info

Forest area
Forest area
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