In order to enhance the rediscovery of the mountains of Reggio, the Provincial Administration of Reggio Emilia and Comunità Montana dell'Appennino Reggiano have created in 1988 the bases for a project enhancing alternative tourist resources, through the creation of a series of itineraries which, setting off from the foot of the first hills of Reggio reach the upper ridge, along historical routes which have been neglected by the modern road network.
The trail network follows a logical thread, a theme linking landscapes, naturalistic, historical, and cultural aspects.
The paths use already existing mule tracks and paths and have been studied to use the local network of hotels, inns, and trattorias. One of the main routes is represented by "Matilde Path" which follows the ancient steps of the Countess, running along the routes leading from the plain to the heart of the territory dominated by Canossa family, to reach the Tuscan Apennines. From Ciano d'Enza the itinerary leads to the castle of Rossena, and from Casalino to the cliff of Canossa. Here, the main route of "Matilde Path" meets with the "Path of the Duchies"; therefore, you can go ahead from Casina to Carpiteti and Toano or go southwards along the ancient ducal borders between the Este and Parma territories which up to 1847 did not follow the course of the stream Enza, but zigzagged among valleys and villages. Going ahead in Tassobbio valley, you will find the medieval villages of Cerredolo, Legoreccio, Pineto, Spigone, the mills, the house-towers, and several naturalistic and cultural evidences. Among clays and ophiolites, you will finally reach the Apennines.
In Canossa there is the opportunity to practice circuits which are ideal for orienteering competitions in teams or individuals.
Both are completed with maps and descriptive cards.