The Bova Valley includes several habitats such as canyons, rock faces, caves and forests. The wetlands contrast with the dry chalky rocks. In a small area it is therefore possible to meet different animals, from amphibians to reptiles. Here also the peregrine falcon nests. The area is accessible through a thick network of paths leading to the heart of the valley called "Orrido di Caino". The Reserve is characterized by widespread karst phenomena, with the caves of the Alpe del Vicerè extending over more than 7 km. The caves host extraordinary and very fragile ecosystems, and they keep the fossils of the Ursus spelaeus.
Moreover, the whole area is an archaeological site of prehistorical and historical significance.