Zona Speciale di Conservazione Valli di San'Antonio

Interactive Map
Identity Card
Cod. RN2000: IT2070017
Surface Area: 4.160,49 ha
Provinces: BS
Establishment: 2004
  • Thaw in the Picol lake (2,378 m above sea level), upper Brandet Valley (photo by Elio Della Ferrera)
  • A chamois in the Brandet Valley. The Valtellina summits in the background (photo by Elio Della Ferrera)
  • Ferns, Gymnocarpium dryopteris, and two-flower violet, Viola biflora, in a Norway spruce forest in the Brandet valley (photo by Elio Della Ferrera)

The SCI is located in the outer eastern side of the Bergamo Alps and it includes the basin of the Brandet Valley and Campovecchio Valley streams, as well as the Regional Nature Reserve of the same name. From the geomorphological perspective the signs of the glaciers' activity - which determined the typical "U" shape of the glacial valleys and shaped the rocks - are well visible.
In the SCI there are up to 12 habitats of community interest, among the most significant ones there are: the peatlands (7140), characterized by the presence of many Bryophytes, Cyperaceae, and Juncaceae, the hay meadows (6520) near the mountain huts and the farmsteads, and the matgrass formations (6230*), rich in species, where the grasslands have been regularly grazed and not mowed over time.
The marked environmental diversity and the very good conservation status of the natural habitats make the presence of almost all the most representative birds and mammals in the Italian Alps possible.  
From the entomological point of view 3 butterfly species are noteworthy: the Mountain Apollo (Parnassius Apollo), a large and strong white mountain butterfly, the delicate Clouded Apollo (Parnassius mnemosyne) living in the wet meadows and in the mountain pastures, and the rare Large Blue (Maculinea arion). Another interesting lepidoptera is the Poplar admiral (Limenitis populi), one of the biggest diurnal butterfly in the Italian fauna.
As far as the flora is concerned, in the Brandet Valley there are many rare species, such as the orchids called Listera cordata and Corallorhiza trifida, and the Columbine with its intense blue corolla. In the Campovecchio Valley there is an important area characterized by the presence of water-blinks.

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