Dolomiti Friulane Regional Park extends from the province
of Pordenone to the province of Udine and includes Valcellina
(Municipality of Andreis, Cimolais, Claus, Erto, and Casso), the upper
Valle del Tagliamento (Forni di Sopra, Forni di sotto), and Val
Tramontina (Frisanco and Tramonti di sopra).
The geographical borders of the Park are the upper Valle del Tagliamento in the North and the stream Cellina in the South, Valle del Piave in the West and the Upper valleys on the orographic right side of the stream Meduna in the East. The typical landscape is the one characterizing the Prealpi Orientali with long and narrow valleys.
Monfalconi mountain range, with the Campanile di Val Montanaia (Val Montanaia Bell Tower), the high-altitude grasslands of "Campoross", the pastures of Malga Senons, and the quietness of the Canal of Meduna are the distinctive features of this Park.
The particular orography of the territory has created quite an hostile environment and has therefore limited the impact of the human presence; at the same time, the local population has guaranteed the natural preservation of the Park.
Since there are no easily accessible roads nor inhabited
centers within the Park, this area is characterized by a high degree of
wilderness which is rather difficult to find in other areas of the
whole Alpine and Pre-alpine chain.
The harshness of the environment, together with the lack of equipped welcome structures at high altitudes are the reasons why mass tourism is not promoted and why most of the visitors are mountain climbers, hikers, and nature-lovers.
As a matter of fact, the accommodation structures are essential and limited.
The recent and extremely interesting finds of dinosaur footprints have contributed, in the last few years, to increase the interest in this area.
Furthermore, the traditional activities characterizing the local economy in the past have given the opportunity to discover the local culture and history.
Further information (Italian text)
According to the Regional law no. 42/1996, through which the protected area was established, the aims of the Park are the following:
Further information (Italian text)
The geomorphology of these mountains reveals the remarkable and
continuous evolution of the territory. Faults, overthrusts, and
fissures alternate with moraines and pyramids of soil given by the
excavation and by the deposit of ancient glaciers; Dolomitic pinnacles
and towers as well as rocky stratifications with their various features
(the so-called "libri di San Daniele") are evidences of an intense
Three great tectonic lines can be identified in the area: "the line of the Upper Tagliamento", the "Monte Duranno-Alto Meduna Overthrusting" and "Periadriatic Overthrusting (or fault)". The latter is particularly evident near Andreis in the South of Monte Raut, where it gives birth to a singular landscape. A further factor which has characterized the geomorphological aspect of the most inner areas is the presence of glaciers until a few thousands years ago in all the valleys of the pre-alpine area. Evidences of this kind can be seen in some sections of valleys and in large and small glacial "cirques" shaped in the mountain slopes.
It is also necessary to quote the great deposits left by the Landslide of Monte Toc (or Vajont) which remind of the disaster occurred in 1963 and are a unique example of a colossal landslide.
The wildlife heritage of the Park is very interesting because of the different environments characterizing the Alpine-mountain region. It is possible to find chamois, roe deer, marmots, capercaillies, deer, and a considerable colony of wild goats in continuous growth.
Several specimens of golden eagle populating the Park are an evidence of the high degree of integrity of the environment; in each valley there is at least a nesting couple.
The existence of a well-organized and vital population of golden eagles, as one can detect by their presence in all the territories, is a sign of the environmental integrity of the Park and of the richness of the fauna.
(the following links lead to Italian texts)
The great richness of the flora in the whole Park territory shows that
especially when the glaciers were expanding, this area was a shelter
and a survival opportunity for countless species. Therefore, not only
there are several species typical of the temperate area, but also
authentic endemisms, that is organisms which underwent a process of
differentiation in the past and live now isolated in original
Among these endemic species there are: the Sandwort (Arenaria huteri), the Froelich Gentian (Gentiana froelichi), the wonderful Lady's-slipper (Cypripedium calceolus), the Daphne blagayana (a specimen of Thymelaeacea which was found in Italy in the area near Raut and Tramontino only in 1989).