Parco Regionale della Vena del Gesso Romagnola
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Protected Area

Identity Card

  • Land Surface Area (ha): 2.042,00
  • Lower altitude (m): 50
  • Higher altitude (m): 515
  • Regions: Emilia Romagna
  • Provinces: Bologna, Ravenna
  • Municipalities: Borgo Tossignano, Brisighella, Casalfiumanese, Casola Valsenio, Fontanelice, Imola, Riolo Terme
  • Establishment Measures: L.R. 21/02/2005
  • PA Official List: EUAP0696


The Marana cave (Photo by M. Costa)
Marana Cave


To understand how a rock body formed, it is necessary to observe above all its shape and geometry: observing for instance if it is stratified, and in our case it is rather evident it is. Then it is necessary to study the materials forming the strata, the period, and the environment where they deposited, and with which formations are in contact, as well as the whole geological context welcoming them.

Spanish broom (Photo by M. Costa)
Spanish broom


Vena dei Gesso houses an extremely rich and interesting flora: an extraordinary variety of environments welcomes almost 2,000 vegetable taxa (species, subspecies, and varieties), catalogued by Zangheri.
Despite the environment being harsh and inhospitable, the vegetation continuously changes the landscape, with unusual and extraordinary shapes and colors. There are wonderful violet orchids and white and yellow rock roses in spring, rare orange lilies in the meadows in June, rosy carnations in autumn, to mention just a few.


Wolf (Photo by M. Costa)


As far as vertebrates are concerned, there are 242 species, including 52 mammal species, 138 bird species, 12 reptile species, 12 amphibian species, and 28 fish species.

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