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  • Land Surface Area (ha): 5.500,00
  • Regions: Piemonte
  • Provinces: Cuneo
  • Municipalities: Borgo San Dalmazzo, Castelletto Stura, Centallo, Cervasca, Cuneo, Fossano, Montanera, Rittana, Roccasparvera, Roccavione, Salmour, Sant'Albano Stura, Trinit√†, Vignolo
  • Establishment Measures: LR 3 12/02/2007
  • PA Official List: EUAP1200

 

 

The Gesso e Stura Natural Park

With L. R. 11/19, in force since Friday 19 April, the Piedmont Region approved the expansion of the territory of the Gesso and Stura River Park, also changing the name and status of the reserve area, which has become "Gesso e Stura Natural Park". The four new Municipalities that become part of the Park territory - Fossano, Trinità, Salmour and Rittana - bring the total of adherents to 14. With this expansion, the Park reaches an extension of 5,500 hectares (1,500 more than the previous structure), with a total population of 120,000 residents, while the kilometers of river included in the area become 70. A new phase of the history of the Park, an important challenge on which the capacity of the institutions involved to create a system and work in synergy on a shared project for the protection and enhancement of the natural resources of the territory will be measured. We will proceed immediately with the contact activity of the administrations of the new member Municipalities and, in the coming months, an intense work of sharing, planning and coordination of ideas and actions will follow.

Further information (Italian text)

Bisalta

Water

The heart of the Park is represented by water, with the 60 km of torrent Gesso and river Stura di Demonte (30 km of which in the Municipality of Cuneo).
History explains us that the location of Cuneo town center exactly depended on the availability of running water, useful to make the proto industrial systems work and for irrigation. Therefore, water was precious in the past and is much more precious today to ensure the life of the several animal and vegetable species living along the banks of the watercourses.

Fauna

The different environments of the Park are populated by hundreds of animal species, some of which very important for conservation reasons.
144 bird species, 25 mammal species, 9 amphibian species, 8 reptile species, 53 species of diurnal lepidopterans, as well as a considerable number of insects and other invertebrates.
In the Park you will have the possibility to sight a Great Spotted Woodpecker at work, a very rare butterfly, Maculinea arion, a deer, or you will have the opportunity to observe cormorants, herons, or the multicolored kingfisher.

Further information (Italian text)

Green

Vegetation

The Park consists of different ecosystems preserving a healthy balance between the river environment and the human activities practiced since centuries.
The dominating vegetation consists of woodland species like oaks, black locusts, and ash trees; the plain woodland of Sant'Anselmo, the only one which remained intact in the Municipality of Cuneo, is of great interest. The rest of the territory is covered with agricultural fields, meadows, vegetable gardens, and riparian vegetation consisting of alders, white and black poplars, willows.
Approximately the 75% of the river park is covered with a vegetation consisting of:

  • Forest areas: 28,5%
  • Arboriculture trees and timber: 13,2%
  • Sowable lands: 19,7%
  • Meadows and grasslands: 7%
  • Green areas: 2,1%
  • Orchards: 1,9%
  • Intensive cultivation: 1%

Of considerable interest the oak wood formations developing for about 200 ha, with some areas reaching an extension of 20-30 ha (i.e. S. Anselmo area). These formations are not currently managed and are characterized by very variable density, with alternation of rather thick nuclei of Common Oak (Quercus robur), White Poplar (Populus alba), European Aspen (Populus tremula), Wild Cherry (Prunus avium) and Common Alder (Alnus glutinosa), areas with a low covering where the woodland is not very high and dominated by Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), Goat Willow (Salix caprea), Hazel (Corylus avellana) and European Black Elderberry (Sambucus nigra) and considerable shrubby formation (Ligustrum vulgare, Juniperus communis, Rubus sppl, etc.).

Aquatic environments

History and Culture

The Park is scattered with elements of particular historical and cultural interest like sanctuaries, chapels, mills, villas, jacks, farmsteads.
The Municipality of Cuneo promotes initiatives with play-educational aims for adults and children: tours, parties, workshops, sports events, meetings and exhibits on issues linked to the local river territory. Specific activities dedicated to schools are also on the program.

Cuneo Actinidia

Agriculture

The new-born Gesso e Stura River Park cannot avoid the dialogue and interaction with the agricultural field, which represents at the same time its memory and development engine.
The evolution of the local river and riparian landscape is one of the most important "ecological corridors" linking the mountains to the plain: its evolution has been mainly dominated by the agricultural activity. For this reason, it is essential that agriculture continues to develop in line with the ecological value of the river, contributing to the re-naturalization processes of the territory and the biodiversity safeguard and enhancement measures.

Further information (Italian text)

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